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Location of Xanthomonas translucensin pistachio trees

Facelli, E., Taylor, C., Williams, N.M., Emmett, R.W., Sedgley, M., Joyce, C.K. and Scott, E.S. (2009) Location of Xanthomonas translucensin pistachio trees. Australasian Plant Pathology, 38 (6). pp. 584-593.

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Xanthomonas translucens has been identified as the causal agent of pistachio dieback in Australia. Symptoms include decline, xylem staining, trunk and limb lesions, and excessive exudation of resin. Bacteria were previously isolated from stained wood in 2-year-old twigs but little was known about their presence in other parts of the tree. The pattern of staining and location of X. translucens were studied following felling and dissection of asymptomatic and diseased trees. Chestnut-coloured smears and specks occurred in the sapwood of diseased trees and were continuous from the trunk to 1–2-year-old twigs. X. translucens was isolated mainly from young sapwood (stained and unstained) of the main trunk, primary and younger branches and current season growth, less frequently from leaves and bunches, rarely from old, stained heartwood and not from roots and associated soil samples. Bacteria and pathogenic fungi were not found in the inner bark and cortex associated with lesions whereas the stained sapwood underlying the lesions yielded X. translucens. Scanning electron microscopy revealed bacteria in the main vessels of the xylem of stained tissue and tyloses in the proximity of colonised tissue. Information on the pattern of staining and location of the bacteria will facilitate pathogen detection, thereby improving the accuracy of disease diagnosis.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology
Centre for Phytophthora Science and Management
Publisher: CSIRO Publishing
Copyright: CSIRO
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