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The responses of light- and heavy-for-age pigs at weaning to dietary spray-dried porcine plasma

Hernández, A., Hansen, C.F., Mansfield, J., Mullan, B.P. and Pluske, J.R.ORCID: 0000-0002-7194-2164 (2010) The responses of light- and heavy-for-age pigs at weaning to dietary spray-dried porcine plasma. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 162 (3-4). pp. 116-122.

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Light-for-age pigs are generally regarded as the most disadvantaged group at weaning for subsequent post-weaning performance and survival. The main objective of this study was to demonstrate that weaner diets containing spray-dried porcine plasma (SDPP) could assist light-for-age pigs to perform better than their heavier counterparts after weaning. A total of 96 pigs weaned at 21 days (d) were used in a 2×2 factorially designed experiment with the respective factors being live weight (LW) (light- 4.9±0.67 kg LW or heavy- 6.9±0.73 kg LW for-age pigs) and SDPP supplementation (0 g/kg vs 50 g/kg and 25 g/kg, for phase I and II respectively). The concentration of immunoglobulins (Ig) G, M and A in the SDPP included in the diets was 108, 33 and 7 g/kg, respectively. Each treatment had 8 replicates (pens) with 3 pigs per pen. Phase I diets were fed for the first week and phase II diets for the following 2 weeks until the experiment ceased at 21 d after weaning. One pig per pen, randomly selected, was bled on d 7 and 14 to measure circulating levels of Ig, routine haematology indices and plasma urea nitrogen (PUN). The inclusion of SDPP in the diet improved (P<0.001) performance of both light- and heavy-for-age pigs in the first week after weaning. These effects disappeared (P>0.05) in the following 2 weeks and over the 3-week study, pigs supplemented with SDPP gained 20 g more per day (P = 0.09) than the control pigs. Haematology indices as well as Ig levels in plasma were similar between treatments except for IgG, which was highest (P<0.05) in the heavy pigs not fed SDPP on d 14 of the experiment. Pigs fed SDPP diets had lower (P<0.05) PUN levels than the pigs not fed SDPP on both d 7 and 14, indicating an increased efficiency of dietary protein utilisation as a result of SDPP supplementation. These results confirm the inclusion of SDPP in weaner pig diets to improve post-weaning performance but under the conditions of the experiment, failed to improve the production of light-for-age pigs compared to heavy-for-age pigs.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: Animal Research Institute
School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Copyright: © 2010 Elsevier B.V
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