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What is the identity of fibroblast-pneumocyte factor?

King, G., Smith, M.E., Cake, M.H.ORCID: 0000-0002-5899-7291 and Nielsen, H.C. (2016) What is the identity of fibroblast-pneumocyte factor? Pediatric Research, 80 (6). pp. 768-776.

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Glucocorticoid induction of pulmonary surfactant involves a mesenchyme-derived protein first characterized in 1978 by Smith and termed fibroblast-pneumocyte factor (FPF). Despite a number of agents having been postulated as being FPF, its identity has remained obscure. In the past decade, three strong candidates for FPF have arisen. This review examines the evidence that keratinocyte growth factor (KGF), leptin or neuregulin-1β (NRG-1β) act as FPF or components of it. As with FPF production, glucocorticoids enhance the concentration of each of these agents in fibroblast-conditioned media. Moreover, each stimulates the synthesis of surfactant-associated phospholipids and proteins in type II pneumocytes. Further, some have unique activities, for example, KGF also minimizes lung injury through enhanced epithelial cell proliferation and NRG-1β enhances surfactant phospholipid secretion and β-adrenergic receptor activity in type II cells. However, even though these agents have attributes in common with FPF, it is inappropriate to specify any one of these agents as FPF. Rather, it appears that each contributes to separate mesenchymal-epithelial signaling mechanisms involved in different aspects of lung development. Given that the production of pulmonary surfactant is essential for postnatal survival, it is reasonable to suggest that several mechanisms independently regulate surfactant synthesis.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Veterinary and Life Sciences
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Ltd
Copyright: © 2016 International Pediatric Research Foundation, Inc.
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