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Development of sheep preimplantation embryos in media supplemented with glucose and acetate

Thompson, J.G.E., Parton, G.A.J., Cruickshank, G.W., Smith, J.F. and Wales, R.G. (1989) Development of sheep preimplantation embryos in media supplemented with glucose and acetate. Theriogenology, 32 (2). pp. 323-330.

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Two experiments were conducted to examine the effect of supplemental glucose (G; 1.5 mM) and/or acetate (A; 0.5 mM) on the development of early sheep embryos to blastocysts when cultured in vitro in glucose-free synthetic oviductal fluid (SOF) + sheep serum or bovine serum albumin (BSA). In Experiment 1, 2- to 4-cell, 8- to 16-cell and >16-cell embryos were cultured in SOF, SOF+G, SOF+A or SOF+G+A. All media were supplemented with 10% sheep serum. In addition, embryos were cultured in either microdrops under polysiloxane oil or in multiwell dishes. Overall, development to the blastocyst stage was 3%, 30% and 68% for 2- to 4-cell, 8- to 16-cell and >16-cell stages, respectively, suggesting that an 8-cell developmental block existed under our culture conditions. Glucose supplementation had little effect on embryo development, and no overall effect was observed from the addition of acetate. In Experiment 2, 8- to 16-cell embryos were cultured in SOF or SOF+G, both supplemented with BSA. Development to the blastocyst stage was 25% and 18%, respectively. The results show that the presence of glucose or acetate did little to enhance embryonic development in our incubation systems. Further work is required to evaluate fully the energy requirements for development of the early sheep embryo.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Veterinary Studies
Publisher: Elsevier BV
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