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Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) test for detection of Trypanosoma evansi strain B

Njiru, Z.K., Ouma, J.O., Enyaru, J.C. and Dargantes, A.P. (2010) Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) test for detection of Trypanosoma evansi strain B. Experimental Parasitology, 125 (3). pp. 196-201.

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Camel Trypanosomiasis (Surra) is mainly caused by Trypanosoma evansi strains that express variable surface glycoprotein (VSG) RoTat 1.2 However, in Kenya a second causative strain that does not express RoTat 1.2 VSG (T. evansi type B) has been identified. The prevalence of T. evansi type B largely remains unknown due to inadequate diagnostic assay. This work reports the development of a sensitive and specific diagnostic assay capable of detecting T. evansi type B based on the strategy of Loop-mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) of DNA. The test is rapid and amplification is achieved within 20-25min at 63°C using a real time PCR machine. Restriction enzyme AluI digestion of the amplicon gave the predicted 83bp and 89bp sized bands and the LAMP product melt curves showed consistent melting temperature (Tm) of ∼89°C. The assay analytical sensitivity is ∼0.1tryps/ml while that of classical PCR test targeting the same gene is ∼10tryps/ml. There was a 100% agreement in detection of the LAMP amplification product in real time, gel electrophoresis, on addition of SYBR Green I, and when using chromatographic Lateral Flow Dipstick (LFD) format. The use of the LAMP test revealed nine more T. evansi type B DNA samples that were not initially detected through PCR. The robustness and higher sensitivity of the T. evansi type B LAMP assay coupled with the visual detection of the amplification product indicate that the technique has strong potential as a point-of-use test in surra endemic areas.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences
School of Nursing & Midwifery
Publisher: Academic Press
Copyright: © 2010 Elsevier
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