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Patočka’s Discussion with Dostoyevsky on the Future of Science and Christianity

Učník, L. (2015) Patočka’s Discussion with Dostoyevsky on the Future of Science and Christianity. In: Hagedorn, L. and Dodd, J., (eds.) The New Yearbook for Phenomenology and Phenomenological Philosophy. Routledge as part of the Taylor and Francis Group, Abingdon, Oxon, pp. 199-215.

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In the Middle Ages, the struggle between Platonists and Aristotelians ends with the defeat of both these doctrines in favor of modern science. Kant is the first to realize the problem for human meaning and responsibility in a universe perceived as a fine-tuned machine without purpose, aim or values. His attempt is to rethink a rational theology, thereby saving theology as well as natural science. Kant's endeavour to account for human meaning in a physical world strippeed of all sense is countered by Dostoevsky: Ivan Karamazov rebels against utilitarian reasoning, leading ultimately to his madness; whilst Nicolai Stavrogin's struggle between the incompatible call of about scientific reasoning and human existence? Jan Patocka's heretical history of European reason and science is an answer to Kant and Dostoevsky and their attempts to rethink human responsibility in a world where objective reasoning relegates human experience to the margins of knowledge.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Social Sciences and Humanities
Publisher: Routledge as part of the Taylor and Francis Group
Copyright: 2015 Ludger Hagedorn and James Dodd, editorial and selection matter; individual chapters, the contributors
Other Information: Volume 14, Special Issue: The Philosophy of Jan Patočka
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