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An in vivo and in vitro comparison of the effects of vasoactive mediators on pulpal blood vessels in rat incisors

Yu, C.Y., Boyd, N.M., Cringle, S.J., Su, E.N., Alder, V.A. and Yu, D.Y. (2002) An in vivo and in vitro comparison of the effects of vasoactive mediators on pulpal blood vessels in rat incisors. Archives of Oral Biology, 47 (10). pp. 723-732.

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The effects of endogenous vasoactive substances were evaluated in anaesthetized rats using a laser Doppler flowmeter to monitor changes in pulpal blood flow, as well as directly in isolated pulpal arteriole preparations utilising a microperfusion and monitoring system to observe changes in vessel diameter. In anaesthetized rats, while systemic arterial blood pressure remained relatively stable, intra-arterial delivery of adrenaline (epinephrine) (A), noradrenaline (norepinephrine) (NA), phenylephrine (PHE), dopamine (DOPA), 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), or endothelin-1 (ET-1) produced a dose-dependent reduction in pulpal blood flow (order of potency: ET-1 ≫ A = NA > PHE = DOPA = 5-HT); acetylcholine induced a dose-dependent increase in pulpal blood flow; histamine, isoproterenol and adenosine produced no significant changes. In isolated arteriole preparations, intraluminal delivery of A, NA, PHE, DOPA or 5-HT produced dose-dependent vasoconstriction (A = NA > PHE = DOPA = 5-HT). Acetylcholine relaxed NA-precontracted vessels dose-dependently. Histamine and isoproterenol produced a small vasodilatation. Intraluminal ET-1 produced a small vasoconstriction at 10-8 M, whereas extraluminal ET-1 produced a dose-dependent vasoconstriction from 10-10 M and above. Intraluminal adenosine failed to dilate vessels precontracted with ET-1, whereas extraluminal adenosine caused a complete relaxation. These combined in vivo and in vitro data suggest that, in the rat incisor, the pulpal microcirculation is capable of functional regulation and that pulpal blood flow may be modulated by endothelium-related factors, metabolic (tissue-related) factors, as well as humoral (blood-borne) factors.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier
Copyright: © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd.
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