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Ultrastructure of tetrasporogenesis in the coralline alga Haliptilon cuviere (Rhodophyta)1

Vesk, M. and Borowitzka, M.A.ORCID: 0000-0001-6504-4563 (1984) Ultrastructure of tetrasporogenesis in the coralline alga Haliptilon cuviere (Rhodophyta)1. Journal of Phycology, 20 (4). pp. 501-515.

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Tetrasporogenesis begins with the formation of the tetra‐sporocyte, an elongate, apparently wall‐less, cell containing few organelles. The tetrasporocyte rapidly elongates and a distinctive cell wall forms before the onset of meiosis. During this elongation phase there is also an increase in the number of plastids and mitochondria. The meiotic tetrasporocyte is characterized by extensive development of perinuclear endoplasmic reticulum (PNER) and peripheral endoplasmic reticulum (PER) and during the latter stages of sporogenesis by internuclear endoplasmic reticulum. Immediately next to the nuclear envelope the inter‐cisternal spaces of the PNER are filled with very electron dense material and the PNER cisternae are quite narrow, while further away from the nucleus the PNER cisternae dilate. Throughout meiosis there is continued replication of plastids and mitochondria as well as synthesis of starch and the formation of Golgi‐derived vesicles with very osmiophilic contents. Cytokinesis begins with the formation of striated thickenings on the inside of the tetrasporocyte wall, at the sites where the cleavage furrow, produced by infurrowing of the plasmalemma, will be formed. Early in cytokinesis the PER disappears and is replaced by osmiophilic vesicles and mitochondria. Tubular plasmalemma invaginations of 27–30 nm width also appear during the early stages of tetraspore wall formation. The ultra‐structure of the early stages of tetraspore germination is also described.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Environmental and Life Sciences
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing
Copyright: © 1984, Wiley Blackwell.
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