Murdoch University Research Repository

Welcome to the Murdoch University Research Repository

The Murdoch University Research Repository is an open access digital collection of research
created by Murdoch University staff, researchers and postgraduate students.

Learn more

Treatment and outcomes in necrotising autoimmune myopathy: an australian perspective

Ashton, C., Junckerstorff, R.C., Bundell, C., Hollingsworth, P. and Needham, M. (2016) Treatment and outcomes in necrotising autoimmune myopathy: an australian perspective. Neuromuscular Disorders, 26 (11). pp. 734-740.

PDF - Authors' Version
Download (1MB) | Preview
Link to Published Version:
*Subscription may be required


Necrotising Autoimmune Myopathy (NAM) presents as a subacute proximal myopathy with high creatine kinase levels. It is associated with statin exposure, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGCR) antibody, connective tissue diseases, signal recognition particle (SRP) antibody and malignancy. This case series presents our Western Australian NAM patient cohort: comparing the subgroup presentations, biopsy appearance and treatment outcomes. We retrospectively collected data on patients diagnosed with NAM at the Western Australian Neuroscience Research Institute between the years 2000 and 2015. We identified 20 patients with Necrotising Autoimmune Myopathy: 14 with anti-HMGCR antibodies; two with anti-SRP antibodies; three with connective tissue disease; two as yet unspecified. Median creatine kinase level was 6047units/L (range 1000–17000). The statin naïve patients with HMGCR antibodies and patients with SRP antibodies were the most severely affected subgroups, with higher creatine kinase levels, and were more resistant to immunotherapy. Two or more immunotherapy agents were required in 90%; eight patients required IVIG and rituximab. Steroid weaning commonly precipitated relapses. Four patients had complete remission, and the remaining patients still require immunotherapy. Necrotising Autoimmune Myopathy is a potentially treatable myopathy, which can be precipitated by statin therapy and requires early, aggressive immunotherapy, usually requiring multiple steroid sparing agents for successful steroid weaning.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Health Professions
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Copyright: © 2016 Elsevier B.V.
Item Control Page Item Control Page


Downloads per month over past year