Murdoch University Research Repository

Welcome to the Murdoch University Research Repository

The Murdoch University Research Repository is an open access digital collection of research
created by Murdoch University staff, researchers and postgraduate students.

Learn more

Incidence and risk factors for deliberate self-harm, mental illness, and suicide following bariatric surgery

Morgan, D.J.R. and Ho, K.M. (2017) Incidence and risk factors for deliberate self-harm, mental illness, and suicide following bariatric surgery. Annals of Surgery, 265 (2). pp. 244-252.

Link to Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SLA.0000000000001891
*Subscription may be required

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:: Assess the incidence and determinants of hospitalization for deliberate self-harm and mental health disorders, and suicide after bariatric surgery. BACKGROUND:: Limited recent literature suggests an increase in deliberate self-harm following bariatric surgery. METHODS:: A state-wide, population-based, self-matched, longitudinal cohort study over a 5-year period between 2007 and 2011. Utilizing the Western Australian Department of Health Data Linkage Unit records, all patients undergoing bariatric surgery (n = 12062) in Western Australia were followed for an average 30.4 months preoperatively and 40.6 months postoperatively. RESULTS:: There were 110 patients (0.9%) hospitalized for deliberate self-harm, which was higher than the general population [incidence rate ratio (IRR) 1.47, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.11–1.94, P = 0.005]. Compared with before surgery, there was no significant increase in deliberate self-harm hospitalizations (IRR 0.79, 95% CI 0.54–1.16; P = 0.206) and a reduction in overall mental illness related hospitalizations (IRR 0.76, 95% CI 0.63–0.91; P = 0.002) after surgery. Younger age, no private-health insurance cover, a history of hospitalizations due to depression before surgery, and gastrointestinal complications after surgery were predictors for deliberate self-harm hospitalizations after bariatric surgery. Three suicides occurred during the follow-up period, a rate comparable to the general population during the same time period (IRR 0.61, 95% CI 0.11–2.27, P = 0.444). CONCLUSIONS:: Hospitalization for deliberate self-harm in bariatric patients was more common than the general population, but an increased incidence of deliberate self-harm after bariatric surgery was not observed. Hospitalization for depression before surgery and major postoperative gastrointestinal complications after bariatric surgery are potentially modifiable risk factors for deliberate self-harm after bariatric surgery.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Veterinary and Life Sciences
Publisher: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins
Copyright: © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/32343
Item Control Page Item Control Page