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A progressive zoning approach for the control of foot-and-mouth disease in Burma

Naing Oo, K., Robertson, I.ORCID: 0000-0002-4255-4752, Edwards, J. and Black, P. (2012) A progressive zoning approach for the control of foot-and-mouth disease in Burma. In: Adams L.B., Gray G.D and Murray G. (eds) 2012. Animal biosecurity in the Mekong: future directions for research and development. Proceedings of a workshop, 10 - 13 August, Siem Reap, Cambodia pp. 108-109.

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Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly contagious viral disease that has a significant impact on the economy and livestock productivity of affected coun¬tries. We investigated the epidemiology of FMD in a potentially free (Tanintharyi) and an endemic (Sagaing) region of Burma (Myanmar). The serological study demonstrated that the prevalence of FMD in Sagaing township was very high, with an overall seroprevalence (individual level) of 42% (95% CI 38–47). However, the prevalence varied from 22% (95% CI 3–41) to 68% (95% CI 55–81) in the studied villages. All 17 villages sampled had some positive reactors in cattle to the Cedi® FMD virus (FMDV) non-structural pro¬tein (NSP) ELISA tests and it is assumed the virus is circulating within and between the villages by a variety of means. The village-level prevalence was 100%; a village was considered infected if one or more animals were positive. The possible sources of FMD in those locations were analysed using a logistic regression model and found to be associated with communal grazing, using only underground water sources, or purchasing cattle in March annually. In contrast, FMD was negatively associated with trading of cattle within the same village where the farmers possessed less than 10 cattle

Item Type: Conference Paper
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences
Publisher: ACIAR
Copyright: © Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) 2012
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