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Steady state optimization of design and operation of desalination systems using Aspen Custom Modeler

Malik, S.N., Bahri, P.A.ORCID: 0000-0003-4661-5644 and Vu, L.T.T. (2016) Steady state optimization of design and operation of desalination systems using Aspen Custom Modeler. Computers & Chemical Engineering, 91 . pp. 247-256.

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In this paper Multistage flash (MSF), Reverse Osmosis (RO) and hybrid MSF/RO desalination systems are optimized. A superstructure is set up for analyzing various process configurations in a single flowsheet. Detailed steady state models for MSF and RO sections of the superstructure are developed incorporating comprehensive physio-chemical properties and design characteristics. The model for the hybrid system combines individual models of MSF and RO systems and additional separators and mixers. The optimization variables consist of the operating and design variables, and the objective function is developed on the basis of economic and technical performance indicators. Primary results show that the hybridization of MSF and RO systems sharing common intake-outfall facilities presents lower cost with the additional benefits of higher overall recovery than MSF system and higher product quality than RO system. The sensitivity analysis of the cost parameters is performed to realize their effects on the selection of process configuration.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Engineering and Information Technology
Publisher: Elsevier
Copyright: © 2016 Elsevier Ltd.
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