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A discriminative representation of convolutional features for indoor scene recognition

Khan, S.H., Hayat, M., Bennamoun, M., Togneri, R. and Sohel, F.A. (2016) A discriminative representation of convolutional features for indoor scene recognition. IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, 25 (7). pp. 3372-3383.

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Indoor scene recognition is a multi-faceted and challenging problem due to the diverse intra-class variations and the confusing inter-class similarities that characterize such scenes. This paper presents a novel approach that exploits rich mid-level convolutional features to categorize indoor scenes. Traditional convolutional features retain the global spatial structure, which is a desirable property for general object recognition. We, however, argue that the structure-preserving property of the convolutional neural network activations is not of substantial help in the presence of large variations in scene layouts, e.g., in indoor scenes. We propose to transform the structured convolutional activations to another highly discriminative feature space. The representation in the transformed space not only incorporates the discriminative aspects of the target data set but also encodes the features in terms of the general object categories that are present in indoor scenes. To this end, we introduce a new large-scale data set of 1300 object categories that are commonly present in indoor scenes. Our proposed approach achieves a significant performance boost over the previous state-of-the-art approaches on five major scene classification data sets.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Engineering and Information Technology
Publisher: IEEE
Copyright: 2016 IEEE Signal Processing Society
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