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Postharvest floral organ fall in Geraldton waxflower (Chamelaucium uncinatum Schauer)

Joyce, D.C. (1993) Postharvest floral organ fall in Geraldton waxflower (Chamelaucium uncinatum Schauer). Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 33 (4). pp. 481-487.

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Possible reasons for, and prevention of, postharvest floral organ fall in Geraldton waxflower (Chamelaucium unciizatum Schauer) were studied. An 11-kg compression load, equivalent to the lidding of a carton, caused flower fall amounting to 1% of the fresh mass of 420-g bunches. Fungal development also resulted in flower abscission. Healthy flowers produced little ethylene (e.g. 0.05 μL/kg.h), while infected flowers produced much more (e.g. 7.71 μL/kg.h) and were shed. Treatment with fungicide (iprodione + mancozeb) and antiethylene compounds [e.g. silver thiosulfate (STS) pulse, Purafil sorbant] reduced flowerfall in packaged flowers. Cut sprigs which suffered severe water deficit also shed flowers. In cv. Elegance, drying to −3.61 MPa elevated ethylene production (e.g. 1.35 μL/kg.h). Flowerfall induced by water deficit could be reduced by pretreatment with a STS pulse (0.5 mmol Ag+L for 15-22 h at 0°C or 4 mmol Ag+L for 20-30 min at about 20°C). Pretreatment with a naphthaleneacetic acid dip (50 mg/L for 1 min at room temperature) shortened the vase life of Elegance.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Biological and Environmental Sciences
Publisher: CSIRO Publishing
Copyright: © 1993 CSIRO.
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