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Miniature chiral beamsplitter based on gyroid photonic crystals

Turner, M.D., Saba, M., Zhang, Q., Cumming, B.P., Schröder-Turk, G.E. and Gu, M. (2013) Miniature chiral beamsplitter based on gyroid photonic crystals. Nature Photonics, 7 (10). pp. 801-805.

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The linearly polarizing beamsplitter1, 2 is a widely used optical component in photonics. It is typically built from a linearly birefringent crystal such as calcite, which has different critical reflection angles for s- and p-polarized light3, leading to the transmission of one linear polarization and angled reflection of the other. However, the analogue for splitting circularly polarized light has yet to be demonstrated due to a lack of natural materials with sufficient circular birefringence. Here, we present a nano-engineered photonic-crystal chiral beamsplitter that fulfils this task. It consists of a prism featuring a nanoscale chiral gyroid network4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and can separate left- and right-handed circularly polarized light in the wavelength region around 1.615 µm. The structure is fabricated using a galvo-dithered direct laser writing method and could become a useful component for developing integrated photonic circuits that provide a new form of polarization control.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Copyright: © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited.
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