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Kinetic studies on phosphorus sorption by selected soil amendments for septic tank effluent renovation

Cheung, K.C. and Venkitachalam, T.H. (2006) Kinetic studies on phosphorus sorption by selected soil amendments for septic tank effluent renovation. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 28 (1-2). pp. 121-131.

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A systematic kinetic study of phosphorus (P) sorption by various materials in the soil infiltration system of septic tanks was undertaken by following the time course of P sorption by sorbents in contact with various P solutions over periods up to 360 days. Uptake of P seemed to consist of two distinct stages. Initial uptake was very rapid and this phase was completed in 4 days or less. A slower removal stage followed for some materials over many months. Phosphorus sorption during the fast reaction stage appeared to be associated with the soluble Ca content of the materials. The fast reaction of calcareous materials accounted for the bulk (> 70%) of the total P removed. Merribrook loamy sand exhibited the highest proportion of P sorption during the slow phase. It should be noted, however, that for solution P concentrations in the range found in typical effluents (∼20 mg L-1) the fast reaction phase seemed to be responsible for virtually all P removed. None of the six kinetic formulae examined possessed the sophistication and detail needed to portray accurately the time course of P sorption for all the sorbents investigated. The Elovich equation and the kinetic modification of the Freundlich isotherm expression appeared to provide a reasonable fit of the experimental data.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Environmental Science
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Copyright: © Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006.
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