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Slow digestion properties of rice different in resistant starch

Shu, X., Jia, L., Ye, H., Li, C. and Wu, D. (2009) Slow digestion properties of rice different in resistant starch. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 57 (16). pp. 7552-7559.

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The hydrolysis of starch is a key factor for controlling the glycemic index (GI). Slow digestion properties of starch lead to slower glucose release and lower glycemic response. Food with high resistant starch (RS) possesses great value for controlling the GI. To elucidate the factors that play a role in slow digestibility, seven rice mutants different in RS contents were selected for comparative studies. The degree of hydrolysis showed highly significant correlation with RS, apparent amylose content (AAC), lipid content (LC), and other starch physiochemical properties in all these materials with different RS contents. The rate of in vitro digestible starch correlated positively with RS, whereas digestibility was affected mostly by lipid content for those mutants with similar RS. Starch−lipid complexes and short chains with degrees of polymerization (DP) of 8−12 strongly influenced starch digestion. The integrity of aggregated starch and the number of round starch granules might influence the digestibility of starch directly.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Copyright: © 2009 American Chemical Society
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