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Automatic video object segmentation from VOP

Sohel, F.A., Rahman, C.M. and Karmakar, G.C. (2003) Automatic video object segmentation from VOP. In: International Conference on Electrical, Electronics and Computer Engineering (ICEECE-03), 22 - 24 December 2003, Dhaka, Bangladesh



The video coding standard MPEG-4 is enabling content-based functionalities of a prior decomposition of sequences into video object planes (VOP) so that each VOP represents a semantic object. Therefore extraction of semantic objects is an important part. There are various coding tools: shape coding, motion estimation and compensation, texture coding, multifunctional coding, error resilience, sprite coding and scalability. These are performed by using diverse techniques, like: pixel based segmentation, region based segmentation, boundary based segmentation, morphological segmentation, Bayesian segmentation, model based approaches etc. However, most of the techniques are either manual or semi-automatic. Semiautomatic methods require user assistance and suffer from addressing the following issues: the background is variable due to the camera motion, the light condition slightly changed, new object can appear at any time, objects may remain for a long time in the scene, many objects may be in a scene and possible occlusion. So it is very important to develop automatic techniques that are robust and fast and will combine low-level automatic feature segmentation with interactive method for defining and tracking high semantic video objects and also the above mentioned constraints. In this paper we have proposed how this might be done. It can be done in accordance with the following modules: sprite generation from background and statistical feature analysis approach for object definition, region based motion estimation for tracking.

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