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Non-universal Voronoi cell shapes in amorphous ellipsoid packs

Schaller, F.M., Kapfer, S.C., Hilton, J.E., Cleary, P.W., Mecke, K., De Michele, C., Schilling, T., Saadatfar, M., Schröter, M., Delaney, G.W. and Schröder-Turk, G.E. (2015) Non-universal Voronoi cell shapes in amorphous ellipsoid packs. EPL (Europhysics Letters), 111 (2). Article 24002.

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In particulate systems with short-range interactions, such as granular matter or simple fluids, local structure determines the macroscopic physical properties. We analyse local structure metrics derived from the Voronoi diagram of oblate ellipsoids, for various aspect ratios and global packing fractions φg. We focus on jammed static configurations of frictional ellipsoids, obtained by tomographic imaging and by discrete element method simulations. The rescaled distribution of local packing fractions φl, defined as the ratio of particle volume and its Voronoi cell volume, is found to be independent of the particle aspect ratio, and coincide with results for sphere packs. By contrast, the typical Voronoi cell shape, quantified by the Minkowski tensor anisotropy index β = β02,0, points towards a difference between random packings of spheres and those of oblate ellipsoids. While the average cell shape β of all cells with a given value of is similar in dense and loose jammed sphere packings, the structure of dense and loose ellipsoid packings differs substantially such that this does not hold true.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Engineering and Information Technology
Publisher: Institute of Physics Publishing
Copyright: © Copyright EPLA, 2015.
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