Murdoch University Research Repository

Welcome to the Murdoch University Research Repository

The Murdoch University Research Repository is an open access digital collection of research
created by Murdoch University staff, researchers and postgraduate students.

Learn more

Managing whale-watching as a non-lethal consumptive activity

Higham, J.E.S., Bejder, L., Allen, S., Corkeron, P.J. and Lusseau, D. (2016) Managing whale-watching as a non-lethal consumptive activity. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 24 (1). pp. 73-90.

[img]
Preview
PDF - Authors' Version
Download (237kB) | Preview
Link to Published Version: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/096695...
*Subscription may be required

Abstract

Marine tourism is a new frontier of late-capitalist transformation, generating more global revenue than aquaculture and fisheries combined. This transformation created whale-watching, a commercial tourism form that, despite recent critiques, has been accepted as non-consumptive activity. This paper uses four academic discourses to critique whale-watching as a form of capitalist exploitation: (1) commercial whale-watching and global capitalist transformation, (2) global capitalist politics and the promoted belief that whale-watching is non-consumptive, (3) the inherent contradictions of non-consumptive capitalist exploitation, and (4) whale-watching as a common-pool resource. These discourses lead us to critique whale-watching practices in relation to the common capitalist sequence of resource diversification, exploitation, depletion and collapse. Using specific impact studies, we conclude that a sustainability paradigm shift is required, whereby whale-watching (and other forms of wildlife tourism) is recognized as a form of non-lethal consumptive exploitation, understood in terms of sub-lethal anthropogenic stress and energetic impacts. We argue the need for a paradigm shift in the regulation and management of commercial whale-watching, and present the case for a unified, international framework for managing the negative externalities of whale-watching. The relevance of the issues raised about neoliberal policy-making extends beyond whale-watching to all forms of wildlife and nature-based tourism.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Veterinary and Life Sciences
Publisher: Taylor and Francis
Copyright: © 2015 Taylor & Francis.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/27963
Item Control Page Item Control Page

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year