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The sum number of the cocktail party graph

Miller, M., Ryan, J.F. and Smyth, W.F. (1998) The sum number of the cocktail party graph. Bulletin of the Institute of Combinatorics and its Applications, 22 . pp. 79-90.

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A graph G is called a sum graph if there exists a labelling of the vertices of G by distinct positive integers such that the vertices labelled u and v are adjacent if and only if there exists a vertex labelled u + v. If G is not a sum graph, adding a finite number of isolated vertices to it will always yield a sum graph, and the sum number oe(G) of G is the smallest number of isolated vertices that will achieve this result. A labelling that realizes G + K oe(G) as a sum graph is said to be optimal. In this paper we consider G = H m;n , the complete n-partite graph on n 2 sets of m 2 nonadjacent vertices. We give an optimal labelling to show that oe(H 2;n ) = 4n \Gamma 5, and in the general case we give constructive proofs that oe(H m;n ) 2 \Omega\Gamma mn) and oe(H m;n ) 2 O(mn 2 ). We conjecture that oe(H m;n ) is asymptotically greater than mn, the cardinality of the vertex set; if so, then H m;n is the first known graph with this property. We also provide for the first time an optimal labelling of the complete bipatite graph Kmn whose smallest label is 1.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: The Institute of Combinatorics and its Applications
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