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Experimental and computational studies of the thermal decomposition of halon 1211

Yu, H., Kennedy, E.M., Uddin, Md.A., Sullivan, S.P. and Dlugogorski, B.Z. (2005) Experimental and computational studies of the thermal decomposition of halon 1211. International Journal of Chemical Kinetics, 37 (3). pp. 134-146.

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Thermal pyrolysis of halon 1211 (CBrClF2). diluted in nitrogen, in a tubular alumina reactor, has been studied over the temperature range of 773-1073 K at residence times from 0.3 to 2 s. At temperatures below 973 K, the major products were CCl2F2, CBr2F2, C2Cl2F4, C2BrClF4, C 2F4, and C2Br2F4. Further increasing temperature resulted in the formation of CBrF3, CCLF 3, and many other species whose formation necessitated the rupture of C - F bonds. Coke formation was also observed on the surface of the reactor at high temperatures. A kinetic reaction scheme involving 16 species and 25 reaction steps was developed and applied to model the thermal pyrolysis of halon 1211 over the temperature range of 773 - 973 K. Sensitivity analysis suggests that the reaction CBrClF2 + CClF2 → CCl 2F2 +CBrF2 constitutes the major pathway for the decomposition of halon 1211 under the conditions investigated.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: John Wiley and Sons Inc
Copyright: © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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