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Bimetallic Co–Ni/Al2O3 catalyst for propane dry reforming: Estimation of reaction metrics from longevity runs

Althenayan, F.M., Yei Foo, S., Kennedy, E.M., Dlugogorski, B.Z. and Adesina, A.A. (2010) Bimetallic Co–Ni/Al2O3 catalyst for propane dry reforming: Estimation of reaction metrics from longevity runs. Chemical Engineering Science, 65 (1). pp. 66-73.

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Dry reforming of hydrocarbons is accompanied by carbon deposition making it difficult to unambiguously estimate the true reaction metrics (rate constant, yield and selectivity) without the masking effect of coke formation. This study employed a method originally proposed by Levenspiel [1999. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 38, 4140-4143] to determine the intrinsic reaction rate simultaneously with the carbon-induced deactivation coefficient from transient rate data over an extended period of time (up to 72 h), for propane dry reforming over a Co-Ni catalyst at 823-973 K. The rate constant k′ and deactivation coefficient, kd were determined from a fit of the concentration history data to the hyperbolic reaction-deactivation model for 1st-order kinetics in a plug flow reactor. However, the product H2 : CO ratio was generally invariant with time over the 3-day period for different CO2 : C3 H8 feed ratio values (4-7) but remained within a band of between 0.4 and 0.6. Both k′ and kd exhibited a negative order dependency on the CO2 : C3 H8 ratio at -0.575 and -2.39, respectively. Arrhenius treatment of these two reaction metrics also yielded activation energy estimates of 92.3 and 164.4 kJ mol-1 for the true reforming reaction and deactivation process, respectively. Catalyst characterization was carried out using XRF, liquid N2 adsorption, XRD, H2 chemisorption, temperature programmed desorption of NH3 and CO2, temperature-programmed reduction (with H2) and oxidation (with air) as well as solid TOC content analysis.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Copyright: © 2009 Elsevier Ltd.
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