Murdoch University Research Repository

Welcome to the Murdoch University Research Repository

The Murdoch University Research Repository is an open access digital collection of research
created by Murdoch University staff, researchers and postgraduate students.

Learn more

Study on the reaction of CCl2F2 with CH4 in a dielectric barrier discharge nonequilibrium plasma

Kundu, S.K., Kennedy, E.M., Mackie, J.C., Holdsworth, C.I., Molloy, T.S., Gaikwad, V.V. and Dlugogorski, B.Z. (2013) Study on the reaction of CCl2F2 with CH4 in a dielectric barrier discharge nonequilibrium plasma. Plasma Processes and Polymers, 10 (10). pp. 912-921.

Link to Published Version:
*Subscription may be required


The reaction of CCl2F2 (CFC-12) with methane (in an argon bath gas) in a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) non-thermal plasma reactor at atmospheric pressure has been investigated. The reaction (where oxygen and nitrogen are excluded from the feed gas) produced a range of gas phase products, including H2, HCl, HF, CHF3, CF 3CH2F, CHClF2, CH3Cl, CH 2ClF, CH2Cl2, CHCl2F and CHCl 3 as well as solid products which were primarily non-crosslinked polymers. The conversion of CCl2F2 increased, from 44 to 71%, when the input energy density of the plasma was raised from 3 to 13 kJ · L-1 (applied voltage range is 13.4-14.8 kV, peak-peak). The relatively low input feed concentration of CCl2F2 and methane in the argon bath gas modifies the strong filamentary appearance of the pure argon discharge to a more diffuse appearance. The refrigerant CFC-12, harmful for atmospheric ozone layer and a major contributor to global warming, is treated with methane, in an argon bath gas and in the absence of oxygen and nitrogen using a dielectric barrier discharge nonequilibrium plasma reactor. Significant levels of CFC-12 conversion are achieved at temperatures below 100 °C and the process avoids producing toxic chemicals like CO and HCN. A simplified reaction mechanism is presented.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Wiley-VCH Verlag
Copyright: © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Item Control Page Item Control Page