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Association of CD14 promoter polymorphism with Otitis media and pneumococcal vaccine responses

Wiertsema, S.P., Khoo, S-K, Baynam, G., Veenhoven, R.H., Laing, I.A., Zielhuis, G.A., Rijkers, G.T., Goldblatt, J., LeSouef, P.N. and Sanders, E.A.M. (2006) Association of CD14 promoter polymorphism with Otitis media and pneumococcal vaccine responses. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology, 13 (8). pp. 892-897.

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Innate immunity is of particular importance for protection against infection during early life, when adaptive immune responses are immature. CD14 plays key roles in innate immunity, including in defense against pathogens associated with otitis media, a major pediatric health care issue. The T allele of the CD14 C-159T polymorphism has been associated with increased serum CD14 levels. Our objective was to investigate the hypothesis that the CD14 C-159T allele is protective against recurrent acute otitis media in children. The association between the CD14 promoter genotype and the number of acute otitis media episodes was evaluated both retrospectively and prospectively in a cohort of 300 children. Serotype-specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody responses after pneumococcal vaccinations were examined according to CD14 genotype to compare immune responsiveness across genotypes. An age-dependent association was found: compared with that for CC homozygotes aged between 12 to 24 months, TT homozygotes had fewer episodes of acute otitis media (79 versus 41%, respectively; P = 0.004); this relationship was absent in older children. Additionally, TT homozygotes showed higher serotype-specific anti-pneumococcal IgG antibody levels. Our data suggest that genetic variation in CD14, a molecule at the interface of innate and adaptive immune responses, plays a key role in the defense against middle ear disease in childhood and in pneumococcal vaccine responsiveness. These findings are likely to be important to these and other immune-mediated outcomes in early life.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
Copyright: 2006 American Society for Microbiology
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