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Work-It-Out: A strategy for teaching first year university students "things they should already know"

Creagh, C. (2014) Work-It-Out: A strategy for teaching first year university students "things they should already know". International Journal of Innovation in Science and Mathematics Education, 22 (6). pp. 77-91.

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There is an expectation in first year university courses that students with the required pre-requisite knowledge, skills and attitudes, will succeed and transition into second year. Unfortunately this is not always the case. Even though students may have the necessary pre-requisites, as listed in the university handbook, they may not be metacognitive about their university studies. This inadequate understanding, on the part of the students, about the learning and teaching process, means that students do not fully appreciate what they should already know, what they need to learn, and why. The aim of this paper is to describe the rationale and pedagogical features of the Work-It-Out (WIO) teaching strategy which has been developed to fill the gaps in student understanding and to engage them in the basic skills, activities and thought processes that experts employ as a matter of course. Also discussed in this paper are the operational elements developed to support the WIO teaching strategy, such as videos portraying experts in physics discussing the underlying "why" and "how" of learning in diagrams and formulas.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Engineering and Information Technology
Publisher: Institute for Innovation in Science and Mathematics Education
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