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The implementation of a health-related fitness intervention: A case study of two primary schools

Medland, A. and Taggart, A. (1997) The implementation of a health-related fitness intervention: A case study of two primary schools. ACHPER Healthy Lifestyles Journal, 44 (3). pp. 9-13.


Fitness programs in schools have generally been introduced as a response of community concerns with sedentary lifestyles and coronary heart disease. While the short-term outcomes of school fitness programs have been extensively examined over the past 15 years there has been little research into variables that are specific to the implementation of such programs and their effects beyond the bell times. As a direct response to the problem of coronary heart disease risk factors developing in children, the Western Australian Schools Physical Activity and Nutrition project ( WASPAN) was implemented for Year 6 children. Case studies of the implementation process were conducted with two classes to investigate the roles played by the principal, teacher, children and the relationship to home background. The results showed that individual teachers react very differently to new curriculum materials, principals can be influential in curriculum innovation and that parents, particularly mothers, have a great influence on their children's activity levels. Furthermore, variables such as time, weather, resources, the disruptions to the curriculum and the influence of home and community environments should be carefully considered if physical activity innovations are to impact on schools.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Australian Council for Health, Physical Education and Recreation Inc
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