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Neo-Islamism post Arab Spring

Chamkhi, T. (2013) Neo-Islamism post Arab Spring. In: Australian Political Studies Association Annual Conference, 30 September - 2 October, Murdoch University, Perth, Australia

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The Arab Spring has revealed the rise of Islamists and a wave of Islamic movements across the Middle East and North Africa. The role and agendas of the Arab Islamists are up for debate regarding Islamists' commitment to democracy, pluralism and individual freedoms. Central to determining the truth of this is the evolving definition of "Islamism" and what it means to the political parties, to Arab Muslims and non-Muslims, how they view themselves as individuals and groups, whether and how they choose to participate in politics and society, the importance placed upon democracy, and what they view as necessities for their societies.

The article provides a brief historical background on which to describe and define the modern Islamist and includes analysis of differing political scientists. Features of Islamist political parties, namely the AKP of Turkey and the old and new Muslim Brotherhood and its offshoots are described. The researcher offers a definition of neo-Islamism that reflects its most modern trends since the Arab revolutions of 2011. These trends translate into neo-Islamism having the following characteristics: non-traditional forms of religiosity; gradualism of Islamism; modernisation of Islam; nationalism, and; pragmatic relations with the West.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Management and Governance
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