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An urban air pollution model

Lyons, T.J. and Moy, C. (1998) An urban air pollution model. In: Brebbia, C.A., Power, H. and Ratto, C., (eds.) Air Pollution VI. Computational Mechanics Publications, Southampton, pp. 377-385.


Analysis of cities across the globe illustrates a strong relationship between VKT (vehicle kilometres of travel) and urbanised area. As VKT can be used as a surrogate for vehicular emissions, this provides a method of es- timating urban vehicular pollution. These emission rates are incorporated with simple meteorological forcing into a box model to provide a generalised urban air pollution model for any city. 1 Introduction Urban air pollution has evolved into a significant worldwide problem with many urban areas attaining levels above the World Health Or- ganisation (WHO) guidelines (Faiz, 1993). Motor vehicular transport is a primary cause of this declining air quality and the significance of motor vehicle use is increasing in many urban areas (Anderson et al., 1996) through rising traffic volumes (Kirby, 1995).

Item Type: Book Chapter
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Environmental Science
Publisher: Computational Mechanics Publications
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