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Large-scale patterns in the community structure and biodiversity of freeliving nematodes in the Bohai Sea, China

Guo, Y., Somerfield, P.J., Warwick, R.M. and Zhang, Z. (2001) Large-scale patterns in the community structure and biodiversity of freeliving nematodes in the Bohai Sea, China. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 81 (05). pp. 755-763.

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Freeliving marine nematodes were sampled on two occasions from an extensive grid of 20 stations in the Bohai Sea and its approaches. Differences within stations between sampling periods were small, resulting from small changes in abundance of dominant species. Differences between stations were significant, and were used to cluster stations into groups with similar species composition. These station groupings revealed a weak faunal gradient leading from the mouth of the Huanghe (Yellow River) to the Bohai Strait. Analyses relating faunal composition to environmental variables showed that there were significant differences in environmental variables between faunally-defined groups of stations. The variables most closely correlated with community structure were silt/clay and sand, depth, phaeopigment concentrations below the sediment surface, organic content and arsenic. These reflect natural processes within the Bohai Sea. A suite of univariate measures were related to distance from the river mouth, with a major discontinuity about 120 km into the Bohai Sea. Comparison of values of the biodiversity measures average taxonomic distinctness (Δ+) and variation in taxonomic distinctness (Λ+) suggest that the meiobenthos of the Bohai Sea as a whole is not under major pollution stress.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Copyright: © 2001 Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
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