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Identifying and classifying water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) using the HyMap sensor

Rajapakse, S.S., Khanna, S., Andrew, M.E., Ustin, S.L., Lay, M. and Ustin, S.L. (2006) Identifying and classifying water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) using the HyMap sensor. In: Remote Sensing and Modeling of Ecosystems for Sustainability III, 14 - 16 August, San Diego, CA; USA

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In recent years, the impact of aquatic invasive species on biodiversity has become a major global concern. In the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta region in the Central Valley of California, USA, dense infestations of the invasive aquatic emergent weed, water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) interfere with ecosystem functioning. This silent invader constantly encroaches into waterways, eventually making them unusable by people and uninhabitable to aquatic fauna. Quantifying and mapping invasive plant species in aquatic ecosystems is important for efficient management and implementation of mitigation measures. This paper evaluates the ability of hyperspectral imagery, acquired using the HyMap sensor, for mapping water hyacinth in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta region. Classification was performed on sixty-four flightlines acquired over the study site using a decision tree which incorporated Spectral Angle Mapper (SAM) algorithm, absorption feature parameters in the spectral region between 0.4 and 2.5μm, and spectral endmembers. The total image dataset was 130GB. Spectral signatures of other emergent aquatic species like pennywort (Hydrocotyle ranunculoides) and water primrose (Ludwigia peploides) showed close similarity with the water hyacinth spectrum, however, the decision tree successfully discriminated water hyacinth from other emergent aquatic vegetation species. The classification algorithm showed high accuracy (K value = 0.8) in discriminating water hyacinth.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Publisher: The International Society for Optical Engineering
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