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The role of companion animals in the emergence of parasitic zoonoses

Robertson, I.D.ORCID: 0000-0002-4255-4752, Irwin, P.J.ORCID: 0000-0002-0006-8262, Lymbery, A.J.ORCID: 0000-0002-0542-3446 and Thompson, R.C.A. (2000) The role of companion animals in the emergence of parasitic zoonoses. International Journal for Parasitology, 30 (12-13). pp. 1369-1377.

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Pets offer individuals and the community significant benefits, however cognisance must be taken of the potential for transmission of infectious agents from these animals to humans. The prevalence of many parasites, such as Giardia and Cryptosporidium, has increased over the past few decades while others, such as Toxocara and Ancylostoma, have decreased. These changes could be real, associated with the ready availability of efficacious anthelmintic products or could be artificial due to the type of surveys conducted, the animals surveyed and the diagnostic tests used. Immunocompromised people, in particular, must be aware of the potential risk of acquiring parasitic infections from their pets. However, with the adoption of good hygiene and a thorough knowledge of the transmission of these parasites, immunocompromised people should be able to continue to enjoy the significant benefits of pet ownership. As many owners are not aware of the zoonotic parasites that could be carried by their pets or their mode of transmission, it is concluded that veterinarians need to play a greater role in the education of their clients.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Copyright: Copyright (C) 2000 Australian Society for Parasitology Inc.
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