Murdoch University Research Repository

Welcome to the Murdoch University Research Repository

The Murdoch University Research Repository is an open access digital collection of research
created by Murdoch University staff, researchers and postgraduate students.

Learn more

Theoretical study of decomposition of thiophenic compounds in accidental and spontaneous fires of coal

Dar, T., Altarawneh, M.ORCID: 0000-0002-2832-3886 and Dlugogorski, B.Z. (2013) Theoretical study of decomposition of thiophenic compounds in accidental and spontaneous fires of coal. In: Proceeding of the Seventh International Seminar on Fire and Explosion Hazards (ISFEH7), 5 - 10 May, Providence, RI, USA pp. 391-400.

PDF - Authors' Version
Download (401kB)
Link to Published Version:
*Subscription may be required


This study investigates the thermochemical data and rate parameters for facile routes involved in combustion of fossil fuels, particularly in case of coal fires, using the Density Functional Theory (DFT). We have studied mechanisms for the decomposition and oxidation reactions of cyclic organosulfur compounds including tetrahydrothiophene, 2-methyltetrahydrothiophene, 2,5-dimethyltetrahydrothiophene and 1,4-thioxane. The results show a pleasing consistency and considerably expand the available data for these important compounds. CBS-QB3 based calculations predict that thiophene family decomposes via two types of bond breakages, namely, C-S and C-C β bond-scission with C-S bond cleavage to be the preferred pathway on account of lower barrier heights. However, reaction of a model compound from thiophene group with O2 offers significantly large barriers (i.e., > 20 kcal/mol) indicating that direct oxidation of thiophenes by ground state oxygen might be important only in case of high temperature combustion processes. Decomposition of 1,4-thioxane (TO) is observed to be favoured by ring opening processes with β-CH2-O scission, based on the DFT calculations. Further decomposition of thioxane radicals leads to two heavy atom species and generation of doubly unsaturated four heavy atom segments with reasonable endothermicity. Although TO radicals react readily with oxygen, the resulting intermediate formed requires considerable activation barriers to be overcome for ring opening reactions. The implication of current theoretical results sheds new light on further pyrolytic and oxidative mechanisms for these particular compounds.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Publisher: Research Publishing
Copyright: © 2013 University of Maryland.
Item Control Page Item Control Page


Downloads per month over past year