Murdoch University Research Repository

Welcome to the Murdoch University Research Repository

The Murdoch University Research Repository is an open access digital collection of research
created by Murdoch University staff, researchers and postgraduate students.

Learn more

Mechanisms for formation of pollutants in fires

Altarawneh, M.ORCID: 0000-0002-2832-3886 and Dlugogorski, B.Z. (2013) Mechanisms for formation of pollutants in fires. In: Proceeding of the Seventh International Seminar on Fire and Explosion Hazards (ISFEH7), 5 - 10 May, Providence, RI, USA pp. 27-36.

PDF - Authors' Version
Download (291kB)
Link to Published Version:
*Subscription may be required


While emissions of pollutants from conventional sources, such as industrial and thermal processes, have been in decline over the last two decades, fires have become major sources for the emission of several contaminants. This review summarises chemical mechanisms pertinent to the formation of prominent pollutants, such as CO, NOx, HCN, HCl, soot, and trace species, such as PCDD/Fs (dioxins). We commence by discussing the most important groups of fire pollutants and the types of fires responsible for their formation. This is followed by short descriptions of main reaction pathways operating in the formation of pollutants; i.e., pyrolysis and oxidation that are principally responsible for the emission of CO and CO2. We then tackle contaminant formation in fires of biomass, before proceeding to discuss the formation of soot, PCDD/F and PBDD/F (brominated dioxins). This leads us to reviewing of pollutants produced in fires involving polymers (with focus on PVC and nylon) and polyfluorocarbons.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Publisher: Research Publishing
Copyright: © 2013 University of Maryland.
Item Control Page Item Control Page


Downloads per month over past year