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The cardiac effects of amitraz in the guinea-pig in vivo and in vitro

Pascoe, A.L. and Reynoldson, J.A. (1986) The cardiac effects of amitraz in the guinea-pig in vivo and in vitro. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C: Comparative Pharmacology, 83 (2). pp. 413-417.

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Intravenous amitraz caused significant hypotension and bradycardia in pentobarbitone anaesthetized guinea-pigs. Depression of blood pressure reached a plateau with a dose of 10 mg/kg but heart rate continued to fall in a dose-dependent manner, up to a fall of 90 beats per minute after a total of 160 mg/kg/min. Amitraz was then tested on spontaneously beating guinea-pig isolated atria. The maximum bath concentration approximated a blood concentration produced by 5 mg/kg amitraz in the guinea-pig (2.3 X 10(-4) M). Amitraz did not significantly shift the dose-response curve to isoprenaline or acetylcholine but antagonized histamine rate responses competitively in the presence of propranolol (2 X 10(-6) M). Propranolol unmasked a dose-dependent depressant effect of amitraz on atrial rate, an effect abolished with atropine (1 X 10(-5) M). Amitraz increased atrial force of contraction, an effect which was not seen when propranolol was present in the bath solution. Amitraz also depressed atrial rate directly, but this effect was minor in comparison to bradycardia seen in the guinea-pig. It is likely that the cardiovascular depression seen in the guinea-pig following amitraz i.v. is caused by an alteration in autonomic drive rather than a significant direct cardiac effect.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Veterinary Studies
Publisher: Elsevier BV
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