Murdoch University Research Repository

Welcome to the Murdoch University Research Repository

The Murdoch University Research Repository is an open access digital collection of research
created by Murdoch University staff, researchers and postgraduate students.

Learn more

Noise and verbal or spatial solutions of Rubik's cube

Hartley, L.R., Boultwood, B. and Dunne, M. (1987) Noise and verbal or spatial solutions of Rubik's cube. Ergonomics, 30 (3). pp. 503-509.

Link to Published Version:
*Subscription may be required


Subjects were required to solve simple problems using a Rubik's cube, posed either spatially (a pictorial representation of the problem) or verbally (written instructions). Results showed that subjects classified on a pretest as spatially able performed better on the Rubik's cube than those classified as verbally able. In addition, verbal performance was better under 95 dBA than 70 dBA and spatial performance better under 70 dB A than under 95 dB A white noise. The results are considered in the light of the contradictory literature on the effects of noise on human memory, with particular reference to the adoption of problem-solving strategies in noise.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Psychology
Publisher: Taylor and Francis
Item Control Page Item Control Page