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Symbiotic and competitive properties of motility mutants of Rhizobium trifolii TA1

Mellor, H.Y., Glenn, A.R., Arwas, R. and Dilworth, M.J. (1987) Symbiotic and competitive properties of motility mutants of Rhizobium trifolii TA1. Archives of Microbiology, 148 (1). pp. 34-39.

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Non-motile mutants of Rhizobium trifolii defective in either flagellar synthesis or function were isolated by transposon Tn5 mutagenesis. they were indistinguishable from motile control strains in growth in both laboratory media and in the rhizosphere of clover roots. When each non-motile mutant was grown together with a motile strain in continuous culture, the numbers of motile and non-motile organisms remained in constant proportion, implying that their growth rates were essentially identical. When inoculated separately onto clover roots, the mutants and wildtype did not differ significantly in the number of nodules produced or in nitrogen fixing activity. However, when mixtures of equal numbers of mutant and wild-type cells were inoculated onto clover roots, the motile strain formed approximately five times more nodules than the flagellate or non-flagellate, non-motile mutants, suggesting that motility is a factor in competition for nodule formation.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Environmental and Life Sciences
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Copyright: © 1987 Springer-Verlag
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