Murdoch University Research Repository

Welcome to the Murdoch University Research Repository

The Murdoch University Research Repository is an open access digital collection of research
created by Murdoch University staff, researchers and postgraduate students.

Learn more

Central and peripheral alpha-adrenoceptor actions of amitraz in the dog

Cullen, L.K. and Reynoldson, J.A. (1990) Central and peripheral alpha-adrenoceptor actions of amitraz in the dog. Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 13 (1). pp. 86-92.


The aim of this study was to determine the contribution of alpha 2- and alpha 1-adrenoceptor agonist activity of the formamidine, amitraz, on peripheral circulation in the dog. Intra-arterial injections of amitraz (0.25-5.0 micrograms/kg) produced a dose-dependent increase in perfusion pressure in the autoperfused hind limbs of methoxyflurane-anaesthetized dogs. A constant blood flow to the hind limbs was maintained using a peristaltic pump. Intravenous phentolamine (0.5 mg/kg), prazosin (35 micrograms/kg) and yohimbine (10 micrograms/kg) in separate experiments antagonized the vasoconstrictor actions of amitraz and produced a parallel shift to the right of the amitraz dose-response curve. Cumulative doses of amitraz (0.5-15 micrograms/kg) given by intracisterna magna (i.c.m.) injections reduced mean arterial pressure and heart rate in a dose-dependent manner. Similar responses were produced by intravenous amitraz but at much higher doses. In separate experiments amitraz-induced hypotension (doses up to 25 micrograms/kg i.c.m.) was prevented by pre-treatment with yohimbine (30 micrograms/kg i.c.m.) but not prazosin (20 micrograms/kg i.c.m.). Both antagonists partially inhibited the bradycardia produced by amitraz. It is concluded that amitraz stimulates alpha 1- and alpha 2-adrenoceptors to produce vascular constriction. The central hypotensive action of amitraz appears to be mediated by alpha 2-adrenoceptors; however, both receptor subtypes appear to be stimulated to produce bradycardia.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Veterinary Studies
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing
Item Control Page Item Control Page