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Effects of salinity increase on carotenoid accumulation in the green alga Dunaliella salina

Borowitzka, M.A.ORCID: 0000-0001-6504-4563, Borowitzka, L.J. and Kessly, D. (1990) Effects of salinity increase on carotenoid accumulation in the green alga Dunaliella salina. Journal of Applied Phycology, 2 (2). pp. 111-119.

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The effect of sudden salinity increases on the kinetics of growth and carotenogenesis was studied in three geographically diverse isolates of Dunaliella saliva. A sudden increase in salinity results in a lag phase in growth and the length of this lag phase is dependent on the final salinity and the magnitude of the salinity change (no lag at 10-15% w/v NaCl, 4-day lag at 30% NaCl). There is also a lag before an increase in the total carotenoid content can be measured following the salinity up-shock, and the length of the lag depends largely on the initial salinity and the magnitude of the salinity up-shock, whereas the rate of carotenogenesis and the final carotenoid content reached depend on the final salinity. The increase in total carotenoid content is mainly due to β-carotene. Following the salinity up-shock (especially from 10% to 20% NaCl) the proportion of lutein as a percentage of total carotenoids decreases, whereas zeaxanthin increases. This suggests that the pathway synthesising lutein is more sensitive to salt or osmotic stress and is inhibited at higher salinities, thus leading to β-carotene formation. The proportion of α-carotene does not change.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Biological and Environmental Sciences
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Copyright: © 1990 Kluwer Academic Publishers.
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