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Effect of intravenously administered tetrathiomolybdate on plasma copper concentrations of Copper-loaded sheep

Howell, J.Mc.C. and Kumaratilake, J.S. (1990) Effect of intravenously administered tetrathiomolybdate on plasma copper concentrations of Copper-loaded sheep. Journal of Comparative Pathology, 103 (3). pp. 321-334.

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Chronic copper toxicity was induced in 14 ewes in two groups by oral dosing with CuSO4. Copper dosing was stopped in sheep of groups 1 and 2 at the first rise of serum acid phosphatase activity and on the first day of haemolysis, respectively. Thiomolybdate was administered intravenously (i.v.) to sheep of group 2 at the rate of 100 mg on the first day of haemolysis and at 24-h intervals, with a maximum of 3 doses during haemolysis. Thiomolybdate was also given intravenously at a dose of 50 mg twice weekly for 11 weeks to four sheep of group 1 after the cessation of copper dosing (group 1B) and to five sheep of group 2 at the end of haemolysis. Plasma copper concentration was determined before and 24 h after each injection of 50 mg thiomolybdate and "elevations" of plasma copper concentration were seen after each injection of thiomolybdate. The differences between plasma copper concentrations observed before and after each thiomolybdate injection for doses 1 to 11 were significantly higher than those seen for doses 12 to 22. Following thiomolybdate administration, the copper content of the liver of sheep in groups 1B and 2 was reduced much more than in sheep of group 1A, in which copper dosing also ceased but which did not receive thiomolybdate. It was concluded that the high plasma copper response to thiomolybdate doses 1 to 11 was due to an influx of copper into the bloodstream from the heavily copper-loaded liver cells. The lower plasma copper response during the latter part of thiomolybdate administration was due to a gradual reduction in the amount of copper entering the bloodstream from the liver cells, as these cells became depleted of copper. Some of this copper may become part of the glomerular filtrate and be taken up by the cells of the proximal convoluted tubules of the kidney or may be excreted in the urine.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Veterinary Studies
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Copyright: © 1990 Academic Press Limited.
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