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Changes in the proximate body composition of the landlocked sea lamprey Petromyzon marinus (L.) during larval life and metamorphosis

Lowe, D.R., Beamish, F.W.H. and Potter, I.C. (1973) Changes in the proximate body composition of the landlocked sea lamprey Petromyzon marinus (L.) during larval life and metamorphosis. Journal of Fish Biology, 5 (6). pp. 673-682.

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Estimates were made of the growth rates and proximate body composition of larval and metamorphosing P. marinus (L.) collected at various times of the year from Shelter Valley Creek, Lake Ontario. Analysis of length-frequency data indicates that the average duration of larval life was 6 years, with metamorphosis occurring predominantly in the length range above 13 cm. Increases in length were almost entirely restricted to the warmest months and did not take place during the final year of larval life. Three categories were thus recognized for the proximate analysis: ammocoetes <13 cm, ammocoetes > 13 cm and metamorphosing individuals. In ammocoetes <13 cm, seasonal differences were observed in the regression coefficients in the logarithmic relationships between wet weight and length and between each of water, lipid and ash and the wet weight. No such difference was found for the regressions between protein and wet weight. For a fixed length (9 cm), the wet weight varied only slightly during the year, although a small peak was seen in May. When considered on the basis of fixed weight (1 g), the relative amount of lipid deposited was greatest in May/July, coincident with a high diatom density. The water content followed an inverse pattern to that of lipid, while the protein and ash contents showed little seasonal variation and exhibited values lower than those normally found in teleosts. Throughout the last year of larval life, the animal stored a greater proportion of lipid, presumably to facilitate the energy demands of metamorphosis during which this food store underwent a marked reduction.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing Inc
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