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Satiety, but not total PYY, Is increased with continuous and intermittent exercise

Holmstrup, M.E., Fairchild, T.J.ORCID: 0000-0002-3975-2213, Keslacy, S., Weinstock, R.S. and Kanaley, J.A. (2013) Satiety, but not total PYY, Is increased with continuous and intermittent exercise. Obesity, 21 (10). pp. 2014-2020.

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This study determined the hormonal and subjective appetite responses to exercise (1-h continuous versus intermittent exercise throughout the day) in obese individuals.

Design and Methods
Eleven obese subjects (>30 kg/m2) underwent three 12-h study days: control condition [sedentary behavior (SED)], continuous exercise condition [(EX) 1-h exercise], and intermittent exercise condition [(INT) 12 hourly, 5-min bouts]. Blood samples (every 10 min) were measured for serum insulin and total peptide YY (PYY) concentrations, with ratings of appetite (visual analog scale [VAS): every 20 min]. Both total area under the curve (AUC), and subjective appetite ratings were calculated.

No differences were observed in total PYY AUC between conditions, but hunger was reduced with INT (INT < EX; P < 0.05), and satiety was increased with both SED and INT conditions (INT > EX and SED > EX; P < 0.05). A correlation existed between the change in total PYY and insulin levels (r = −0.81; P < 0.05), and total PYY and satiety (r = 0.80; P < 0.05) with the EX condition, not the SED and INT conditions.

The total PYY response to meals is not altered over the course of a 12-h day with either intermittent or continuous exercise; however, intermittent exercise increased satiety and reduced hunger to a greater extent than continuous exercise in obese individuals.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Chiropractic and Sports Science
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Copyright: © 2013 The Obesity Society
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