Murdoch University Research Repository

Welcome to the Murdoch University Research Repository

The Murdoch University Research Repository is an open access digital collection of research
created by Murdoch University staff, researchers and postgraduate students.

Learn more

The role of Hfe in transferrin-bound iron uptake by hepatocytes

Chua, A.C.G., Herbison, C.E., Drake, S.F., Graham, R.M., Olynyk, J.K. and Trinder, D. (2008) The role of Hfe in transferrin-bound iron uptake by hepatocytes. Hepatology, 47 (5). pp. 1737-1744.

PDF - Published Version
Download (370kB)
Link to Published Version:
*Subscription may be required


HFE-related hereditary hemochromatosis results in hepatic iron overload. Hepatocytes acquire transferrin-bound iron via transferrin receptor (Tfr) 1 and Tfr1-independent pathways (possibly Tfr2-mediated). In this study, the role of Hfe in the regulation of hepatic transferrin-bound iron uptake by these pathways was investigated using Hfe knockout mice. Iron and transferrin uptake by hepatocytes from Hfe knockout, non–iron-loaded and iron-loaded wild-type mice were measured after incubation with 50 nM 125I-Tf-59Fe (Tfr1 pathway) and 5 μM 125I-Tf-59Fe (Tfr1-independent or putative Tfr2 pathway). Tfr1 and Tfr2 messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein expression were measured by real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blotting, respectively. Tfr1-mediated iron and transferrin uptake by Hfe knockout hepatocytes were increased by 40% to 70% compared with iron-loaded wild-type hepatocytes with similar iron levels and Tfr1 expression. Iron and transferrin uptake by the Tfr1-independent pathway was approximately 100-fold greater than by the Tfr1 pathway and was not affected by the absence of Hfe. Diferric transferrin increased hepatocyte Tfr2 protein expression, resulting in a small increase in transferrin but not iron uptake by the Tfr1-independent pathway. Conclusion: Tfr1-mediated iron uptake is regulated by Hfe in hepatocytes. The Tfr1-independent pathway exhibited a much greater capacity for iron uptake than the Tfr1 pathway but it was not regulated by Hfe. Diferric transferrin up-regulated hepatocyte Tfr2 protein expression but not iron uptake, suggesting that Tfr2 may have a limited role in the Tfr1-independent pathway.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc.
Copyright: © 2008 American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Item Control Page Item Control Page


Downloads per month over past year