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The form of iron oxide deposits in thalassemic tissues varies between different groups of patients: a comparison between Thai β-thalassemia/hemoglobin E patients and Australian β-thalassemia patients

St Pierre, T.G., Chua‐anusorn, W., Webb, J., Macey, D.J. and Pootrakul, P. (1998) The form of iron oxide deposits in thalassemic tissues varies between different groups of patients: a comparison between Thai β-thalassemia/hemoglobin E patients and Australian β-thalassemia patients. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Basis of Disease, 1407 (1). pp. 51-60.

Free to read: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0925-4439(98)00026-X
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Abstract

Mossbauer spectra of 12 β-thalassemia/hemoglobin E spleen samples from Thai patients who had not received multiple blood transfusions and chelation therapy and seven β-thalassemia spleen samples from Australian patients who had received multiple blood transfusions and chelation therapy were recorded with sample temperatures of 78 K. Each spectrum was found to consist of a superposition of a relatively intense central doublet characteristic of high-spin Fe(III), a low intensity sextet of peaks due to magnetic hyperfine-field splitting, and occasionally a doublet that could be attributed to heme iron. A significant (P=0.01) difference (Kolmogorov-Smirnov statistic of 0.71) between the distributions of sextet signal intensity as a fraction (F(s)) of the total non-heme iron Mossbauer spectral signal for the two groups of patients was detected. The distribution of F(s) for the Thai β-thalassemia/hemoglobin E spleens had a mean value of 0.128 (S.D. 0.035) while that for the Australian β-thalassemia spleens had a mean of 0.27 (S.D. 0.12). No significant difference between the distributions of non-heme iron concentrations in the tissues for the two groups of patients was detected by atomic absorption spectrometry. This study shows that the Australian β-thalassemia patients had a higher fraction of their non-heme spleen iron in a goethite-like form than the Thai β-thalassemia/Hb E patients.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology
Publisher: Elsevier
Copyright: (c) Elsevier
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/1786
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