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Cytokine expression in murine cytomegalovirus-induced myocarditis: modulation with interferon-α therapy

Lenzo, J.C., Mansfield, J.P., Sivamoorthy, S., Cull, V.S. and James, C.M. (2003) Cytokine expression in murine cytomegalovirus-induced myocarditis: modulation with interferon-α therapy. Cellular Immunology, 223 (1). pp. 77-86.

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Cytomegalovirus-induced myocarditis is largely immune-mediated. BALB/c mice produced higher levels of IL-4 in the heart indicative of a Th2-like response. Although IL-6, IL-10, IL-18, and TNF-α were produced in the heart during acute infection, BALB/c mice lacked a substantial IL-2 and IFN-γ response. Conversely, C57BL/6 mice produced significant levels of IFN-γ in the heart with no significant levels of IL-4 or IL-6, suggestive of a dominant Th1-like response to virus infection. IFN-α/β immunotherapy is known to suppress the development of MCMV-myocarditis. Cytokine secretion in IFN-stimulated MCMV-infected BALB/c myocytes was found to be IFN subtype-dependent with elevation of IL-6 and IL-18 levels. During the chronic phase of disease, IFNA6 DNA treatment in vivo increased IL-18 production in the heart. These results suggest that IFN subtype therapy may have immunomodulating effects in reducing disease severity in BALB/c mice via regulation of cytokine production in the heart.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences
Publisher: Academic Press Inc.
Copyright: 2003 Elsevier Science
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