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Association of MHC dimorphic Alu insertions with HLA class I and MIC genes in Japanese HLA-B48 haplotypes

Dunn, D.S., Ota, M., Inoko, H. and Kulski, J.K. (2003) Association of MHC dimorphic Alu insertions with HLA class I and MIC genes in Japanese HLA-B48 haplotypes. Tissue Antigens, 62 (3). pp. 259-262.

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A large proportion of Japanese with the HLA-B48 allele have a MICA gene deletion associated with a MICB null allele within the class I region of the Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC). Here, we report for the first time a novel positive association between the presence of a polymorphic Alu insertion, AluyMICB, within the first intron of the MICB gene and the MICAdel/MICBnull/HLA-B48 haplotype for five of six well-characterized Japanese cell-lines. The AluyMICB insertion was found to be present at a frequency of 0.242 in 86 Japanese tissue donors and in four of the five individuals with the HLA-B48 allele. The AluyMICB insertion was also associated with at least three different MICB alleles, *0102, *0107N and *0105, and three different HLA-B alleles, B13, B48 and B57, respectively, in the seven Workshop cell-lines (the 4th Asia-Oceania Histocompatibility Workshop, and the 10th International Histocompatibility Workshop) and the six Japanese cell-lines that were selected for this study. Based on the analysis of associations between different polymorphic markers within the beta block, the MICB*0102 allele was inferred to be the ancestral form of the MICB*0105 and MICB*0107N alleles. The AluyMICB polymorphism can now be used to further investigate its relationship with other MICB alleles and consequently their origins. In addition, we have examined the absence and presence of three other polymorphic Alu markers distributed within the alpha block of the class I region of the HLA-B48/AluyMICB haplotype. We conclude that the extended HLA-B haplotypes are best defined by considering multiple genomic sites including the four polymorphic Alu insertions described in this study.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Information Technology
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing
Copyright: 2003 Blackwell Munksgaard
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