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Some aspects of cementation reactions

Ritchie, I.M. (2003) Some aspects of cementation reactions. In: HYDROMETALLURGY 2003: 5th International Symposium Honoring Professor Ian M. Ritchie, 24 - 27 August 2003, Vancouver, Canada pp. 1179-1194.


Cementation or metal displacement reactions such as Cu2+ + Fe → Cu + Fe2+ are among the oldest known hydrometallurgical reactions. They are still used in the recovery of some metals and in the purification of process liquors and waste water streams. However, they are often more complex than the stoichiometric reaction would suggest because they involve the simultaneous deposition of one metal onto a second which is dissolving. For example, sometimes a cementation will not take place, even though it is thermodynamically favoured. On other occasions, a cementation reaction will start but come to a halt as the depositing metal blankets the reacting surface. On yet other occasions, side reactions, catalyzed by the deposit, can be important. In this paper, the electrochemical basis of cementation reactions is described. The conditions for each of the complications encountered in these reactions are described and illustrated by examples drawn from a number of hydrometallurgical processes. The cementation reaction between activated carbon and gold thiosulfate is also briefly described, this reaction being unusual in that no dissolution of the carbon occurs.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Murdoch Affiliation(s): Parker Cooperative Research Centre for Integrated Hydrometallurgy Solutions
Notes: Appears in: HYDROMETALLURGY 2003: Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium Honoring Professor Ian M. Ritchie.
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