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Grains composition and nutrition online database

Bellgard, M., Williams, H., Smith, C., Macgregor, A., Hunter, A., Appels, R. and Griffiths, T. (2005) Grains composition and nutrition online database. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 14 (Supp. S110).

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Background - Data on the nutrient content and composition of grains, relevant to human nutrition, are scattered throughout the literature or in some cases may not exist at all. In other cases data may be found in databases compiled specifically for feed grain purposes and information that is relevant to human nutrition is difficult to identify. Scientists in this field do not have information integrated into an efficient/well authenticated web-based system and lack of accessibility significantly reduces the value of the publicly available information.

Objectives - To compile, from public resources, a database profiling the composition and nutrient content of cereal grains and pulses for application to food production for human consumption. An essential part of this GrainFoods Cooperative Research Centre funded project is the presentation of the database in a “user-friendly” searchable interface that enables efficient web-based access to information and incorporates visualisation and analytic tools. In addition, the project will identify ‘gaps’ in the data and where the addition of information on grains, pulses or specific nutrients needs to be generated.

Design - An initial prototype database was established using information from a pilot study. Subsequently new prototype databases were generated with data sourced from a wide range of literature and datasets compiled in various formats. Archival information was scanned and edited for the electronic database. Tables of data were identified, critical summaries included and statistical analyses verified. A dictionary and language has been established for the database to allow meaningful queries and answers to be developed by industry users. A particular focus is to ensure the origins and descriptions of the data in the database are well defined. Prototype databases and interrogation systems are currently regularly updated and available for industry colleagues to test, criticise and send-back for revision.

Outcomes - A secure, web-based, fully searchable grains nutrition database has been developed. It has a web-based upload facility, End-note based referencing system and graphical visualisation of nutrient/composition data.

Conclusion - The database allows immediate access to up-to-date nutrient data on grains and provides the ability to share confidential data in a secure environment.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: Centre for Comparative Genomics
Publisher: HEC Press
Notes: Poster abstract
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