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Recent developments in reverse osmosis desalination membranes

Li, D. and Wang, H. (2010) Recent developments in reverse osmosis desalination membranes. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 20 (22). pp. 4551-4566.

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Reverse osmosis (RO) desalination is one of the main technologies for producing fresh water from seawater and other saline water sources. The membrane properties greatly affect the water productivity and energy costs in the reverse osmosis desalinatin processes. Recent years have seen significant research efforts devoted to developing high-performance RO membranes. This article reviews recent activities in the development of RO membranes with improved flux and salt rejection, chlorine tolerance, fouling resistance and thermal stability. In particular, this review mainly focuses on the modification of current polymeric membrane materials, and synthesis and separation performance of new polymer membranes, inorganic membranes and mixed matrix membranes.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Copyright: © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2010
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