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Thermosetting polymer templated nanoporous sinter-active layer for low temperature solid oxide fuel cells

Dong, D., Li, D., Zhang, X., Chai, Z., Wang, K., Li, C-Z, Zhao, D. and Wang, H. (2010) Thermosetting polymer templated nanoporous sinter-active layer for low temperature solid oxide fuel cells. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 20 (6). pp. 1122-1126.

Link to Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/B919409F
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Abstract

A facile synthesis method was developed to form a nanoporous metal oxide layer using poly(furfuryl alcohol) (PFA) as a thermosetting polymer template. A nanoporous Ce0.8Sm0.2O1.9 (SDC) layer with high sinterability was prepared on an anode-supported electrolyte film at 900 °C, and used as a sinter-active layer in cell fabrication to improve the interface between the inert electrolyte surface and the cathode layer of a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). The resulting saw-like interface improved the maximum powder density of the cell by 51% at 600 °C and 162% at 500 °C compared with that of the unmodified cell. The cell with the saw-like electrolyte–cathode interface exhibited lower electrode polarization resistance than those reported in the literature, and such improvement was much more significant at reduced operating temperatures (400–500 °C). Our study shows that the operating temperature of solid oxide fuel cells can be substantially lowered by simply improving the electrode–electrolyte interfaces.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Copyright: © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2010
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/15499
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